Sleep apnea is a dangerous disorder of breathing and it usually happens at night. A person with sleep apnea snores so loudly in the evening and at one point stops breathing. If breathing does not resume for a long time, it might lead to many complications and even death. Sleep apnea also makes the person feel tired in the morning even though he or she had a night’s good rest.
Types of Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea has many types. These types are called, obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and complex sleep apnea.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
This is the most common type of complex sleep apnea. This usually happens when your neck muscles are so relaxed.
Central Sleep Apnea
This type of sleep apnea is quite complex as it involves the brain. When the brain forgets to send a message to the muscles that control the breathing, breathing might stop for a minute or more depending on your sleep apnea case.
Complex Sleep Apnea
Complex sleep apnea is a mixture of both the obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.
Symptoms of Sleep Apnea
Snoring is one of the most visible and common symptoms of sleep apnea. Although not all people who breathe have sleep apnea. Some of them are just too tired or might have some underlying medical condition. Persons with sleep apnea have a snore that it weird for the ears. The sound is almost choke-like, ragged, or catching one’s breath. Watch out for pauses in breathing during the snoring sessions.
People with sleep apnea are often tired in the morning, and the feeling of fatigue is sometimes overwhelming. Even if they do not have anything to do in the morning, they still feel tired all throughout the day. Also, even though people with sleep apnea slept well during the day, they still feel tired mainly in the morning.
3. Head Issues
A person with sleep apnea sometimes can acquire memory loss, sudden headaches, and brain fogging.
4. Other Symptoms of Sleep Apnea
Persons with sleep apnea can sometimes have mood swings or is always irritable. They have lowered libido and seems to have no interest in sex. The other signs of sleep apnea are insomnia. Another weird symptom of sleep apnea is sleepwalking. You might also wake up with a dry mouth.
The Risk Factors of Sleep Apnea
- Excessive Weight. You are most likely to have sleep apnea if you have an abnormal body mass index or obese. This is due to an abnormal fat deposit in your upper airway that can get obstructed due to constriction. On the other hand, if you are normal and slim in your body mass index count, you can still acquire sleep apnea, but this is quite rare.
- Large Neck. Having a large neck due to obesity is a logical dilemma that might lead to sleep apnea. A large neck means obstruction to the upper airways of the respiratory system.
- Middle Age. Survey says that people in the middle age are more likely to develop sleep apnea compared to people in their younger years. Sleep apnea can for sure happen at any age, but it is quite prevalent in people in your mid-years.
- Male. For some reason, sleep apnea is popular in men than in women. On the other hand, though, women can still develop sleep apnea and are most at risk when they are heading through menopause.
- High Blood Pressure
- Genetics. Sleep apnea can be inherited. Meaning, it can be passed on from generation to generation. Genetics can indeed play a big role with the risk of having sleep apnea since traits like the tendency to be obese can also be inherited.
Treatment of Sleep Apnea
Do not underestimate sleep apnea. Sleep apnea can be very dangerous especially if there is nobody to check you out in nights where you snore wildly at one time you might stop breathing. Also, try to get treated immediately since sleep apnea can be a nuisance to your everyday life. You get sleepy in the morning and can’t sleep at night. Imagine how annoying that would be and how bothering.
If you have these symptoms, it is better to have them checked by a doctor and get treated properly by an expert. Not all people that snore loudly have sleep apnea or persons with any of the symptoms mentioned. However, for your peace of mind and safety, have yourself treated by a doctor. Below are some of the self-awareness preventions that you can consciously do.
1. Make a Conscious Effort to Cut on Your Weight
Since sleep apnea significantly obstructs the natural system of the respiratory system especially in terms of breathing, one should take a conscious effort to not add anymore complication like for example obesity. Do you know that obesity can potentially store fats in the upper airways? This, in turn, will lead to the obstruction of the upper airways.
2. The Use of Substances like Alcohol, Tranquilizers, and Sedatives Might Obstruct the Upper Airways
These substances generally relax the muscles, but it might obstruct the upper airways. So try to keep away from them as possible.
3. Do not Smoke
Smoking is one of the most common reasons why people get sleep apnea. Survey says that sleep apnea will most likely occur in persons that are constantly smoking than a person who has no habit of smoking at all. This is due to the fact that smoking causes inflammation and the retention of fluid in the upper airways of the respiratory system. If you are somebody who smokes and is diagnosed with sleep apnea, it is better to quit smoking now. If you are a victim of second-hand smoking, try to veer away from people who smoke or if you happen to come across them, cover your mouth with a piece of clean cloth. Regardless, whether you have sleep apnea or not veer away from bad vices like smoking.