One of the most popular kinds of eccentric personality disorder, a paranoid personality disorder is characterized by a behavior wherein the patient exhibits extreme and unexplainable suspicion of others. Almost all of the eccentric personality disorders show the patients’ behavior to be unusual or uncommon as compared with the people around them. Patients who are diagnosed with paranoid personality disorder are mistrusting, which is why this psychological condition is hard to treat.
A report released by the Cleveland Clinic shows that paranoid personality disorder affects more women than men. In addition, the condition is also visible in patients in early adulthood. Join me and let us explore the different important aspects of this disorder. Starting with its causes and symptoms, let us extensively cover the effective treatment methods for paranoid personality disorder.
The Truth Behind Paranoid Personality Disorder
Just like many psychological conditions, the real underlying truth behind this psychological disorder remains unknown. Despite this, many researchers are pushing their efforts to know the real causes of the paranoia.
According to some, trauma experienced during the early childhood days results in the development of paranoid personality disorder in adulthood. Others argue that the condition is correlated with other psychological disorders like delusional disorders and schizophrenia. Above all, clinical experts believe that environmental factors together with biological elements contribute a lot to the development of paranoid personality disorder.
The Common Indicators That Patients Are Suffering From Paranoid Personality Disorder
When you encounter a patient who is diagnosed with a paranoid personality disorder, do not be surprised if you find out that the patient believes that the extreme suspicion that she or he is having is justifiable or normal. Due to paranoia, there is a big chance that patients diagnosed with PPD may show stubborn or hostile behavior.
Among the common indicators of paranoid personality disorder is that the patient thinks that the people around him or her are trying to cause him or her harm. They will also carry grudge as well as have a hard time or disagree with confiding in other people. Also, paranoid personality disorder patients are also sometimes hostile and have anger management issues.
In addition to those that were mentioned above, listed below are the other usual indicators that a person is suffering from a paranoid personality disorder.
- questioning others’ loyalty,
- supersensitivity to criticism
- difficult to work with
- social isolation
- often defensive as well as argumentative
As discussed above, a paranoid personality disorder may occur along with other psychiatric disorders, causing it to be difficult to determine. This is the reason why in many instances paranoid personality disorder is not treated as it is mistaken for other psychological conditions.
Appropriate Diagnosis of Paranoid Personality Disorder
Since it is mostly correlated with other psychological disorders, there are some important diagnostic steps that clinical professionals should implement to carefully identify patients with this condition.
Once the symptoms and medical history of the patient point out the possibility of a patient having a paranoid personality disorder, a clinical professional or the primary care provider is expected to conduct an extensive behavior and social background assessment to confirm the suspicion. The assessment will focus on makeup scenarios to see how the patient will address or react in the given situations. A treatment plan will follow as soon as the patient is confirmed to be suffering from this psychiatric disorder.
What Are the Effective Treatments for Paranoid Personality Disorder?
If performed appropriately, most treatment methods for patients with this psychiatric condition succeed. The challenge here is the willingness of patients to accept the reality that they need to undergo treatment to address their disorder.
The first line of treatment that is commonly recommended to the patient with a paranoid personality disorder is either psychotherapy or talk therapy. These treatment methods are effective as they will educate the patients about the best way to communicate and interact with other people in different social scenarios. The treatments also lessen the paranoia and assist the patients until they recover from PPD.
To speed up the patients’ recovery, psychiatrists also prescribe effective medications to help improve their cognitive skills. Among these are the medications that are also recommended to those with an anxiety disorder as well as depression such as antipsychotics, antidepressants, and benzodiazepines.
Assessment of the Long Term Life Outlook of Patients With Paranoid Personality Disorder
Now that we have run through the causes, symptoms, diagnosis as well as effective treatments for patients suffering from a paranoid personality disorder, it is best to proceed and explore their or their long term outlook in life. As mentioned, being open to treatment plans is a good indicator as those who accept undergoing psychiatric treatment is expected to have a better life outlook than those who skipped the treatment phase.
According to clinical experts, those who accept treatments can be in healthy relationships in the future. In terms of income sources, people who are treated from paranoid personality disorder are expected to function as normal people and have steady jobs. Yet, medical professionals believe that the treatment for the condition should be continuous as the symptoms may recur in the future and can only be alleviated through proper care and support from experts and their loved ones.
How about the patients who did not undergo the treatment plan prepared for them? Then, the opposite is expected to them. It is believed that people with a paranoid personality disorder will have troubled lives and will have challenges staying in income generating jobs and maintaining healthy relationships with the people around them.
Given all the facts that were stated in this article, I think the most important piece of the puzzle is the moral and social support and time that will be given by family members to the patients who are diagnosed with this psychiatric condition. I believe that those who are receiving better support and time from their loved ones have better chances of recovering and overcoming the monsters associated with having paranoid personality disorder than those who are not supported by their families.