Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are the most popular types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). These cause millions of death rates in the world each year. Did you know that HIV and AIDS are not the only types of STDs? Know more about it and how to get tested for STDs today.
Sexually Transmitted Disease
STDs from the name itself are transmitted through sexual activities. It is not only transmitted through sexual intercourse. The following are the other ways of how STDs are passed on.
- Oral, vaginal, or anal sex with someone who has the infection
- Having more than one sexual partner
- Having a sexual partner who has had multiple partners
- Skin-to-skin contact with mouth, anus, or genitals of an infected person
- Sharing needles or syringes for drug use or tattooing
Just like what was mentioned earlier, STDs are not only AIDS and HIV. There are also other types that are being experienced by millions of people worldwide.
Hepatitis A, B, and C
Laugh at me or call me a fool when I tell you that I was surprised upon knowing that Hepatitis B and C are sexually transmitted diseases, but I really didn’t know about it before.
Hepatitis is the condition wherein the viruses affect the liver of a person. It is acquired through exposure to infected blood, semen, or other body fluids of a person with hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV).
Symptoms of this include abdominal pain, fever, nausea, jaundice, having a yellow tint on your complexion or on your eyes, and vomiting. Once you experience these symptoms, consult your doctor immediately. Hepatitis is diagnosed through blood testing.
Vaccines for HAV and HBV virus are available, so make sure that you get vaccinated.
Herpes Simplex Virus
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) or herpes is also one of the most common STD. it is transmitted through kissing, sexual intercourse, direct contact with herpes sores, and sharing objects for personal hygiene like a toothbrush. It is divided into two categories HSV1 and HSV2.
HSV1 is herpes on the mouth or oral herpes. People with this condition have blisters and sores on their lips and inside their mouths.
HSV2 is herpes on the genitals. People with this condition have cold sores or rash on the genitals area. There is no cure for genital herpes. However, antiviral medicine to prevent an outbreak and lower the risk of passing genital herpes is administered to people with this condition.
Herpes 1 and 2 also requires blood testing to know your condition. If ever that you are experiencing the above-mentioned symptoms, see your doctor immediately and have your blood tested.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
HPV is also transmitted through sexual activities. There is often no symptom and the virus just goes away on its own. Although it does not sound threatening, HPV can lead to cancer or genital warts.
A vaccine against HPV is also available and can be administered to people ages 26 and below. There is three shot to be done for six months.
Thrush is an infection in the mouth caused by the Candida virus or yeast. It is the result of too much yeast in the mouth. Although there are other causes for this, it can also be spread through kissing or oral sex.
Symptoms of thrush are creamy white, slightly raised lesions in the mouth, tongue, or inner cheeks; pain or difficulty swallowing; fever; and itching feeling around the area of infection.
Doctors can identify thrush upon looking inside your mouth and seeing the lesions. Then will take a small sample to be examined.
Syphilis is a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease. It may be transmitted through kissing, sexual intercourse, and other sexual activities. This sexually transmitted disease is divided into three stages.
Early or Primary Stage Of STDs
Early-stage is 10 to 20 days after exposure. This is wherein sore could occur on genitals and in or around the mouth. Syphilis can easily be treated during this stage.
This stage starts on the 21st day after exposure and lasts for one to three months. Symptoms are added during this stage: muscle cramps, headache, lack of energy, moist warts on the groin, fever, weight loss, and swollen glands.
Antibiotics might be prescribed by your doctor during this stage.
Latent or Tertiary Stage
This stage happens when syphilis is not treated immediately. Severe problems with the heart, brain, and nerves may be the effect of latent syphilis.
Once you experience the symptoms at the early stage, consult your doctor immediately. A blood sample is also used for testing if a person has syphilis.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
We hear HIV often. It is one of the leading causes of death in the world and may be considered as the “problem of the generation.” Millions of people with HIV die each year, but more people are infected annually.
HIV is a type of sexually transmitted disease that targets the immune system. A person with this condition has a weaker immune system that may lead to death.
Symptoms of HIV are:
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Extreme tiredness
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
These symptoms will go away after a few weeks and reappear after months or years than remain.
Once the virus progressed, it causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Until now there is still no definite cure for HIV or AIDS, but medicines to prolong the effect of the disease are given to infected people.
People who suspect to have HIV will be taking the HIV test. Preventive measures are also done by giving vaccines to people who do not have HIV yet.
How to Get Tested for STDs
Getting tested for STDs is not difficult in our modern time. Taking urine and blood sample are the common testing technique used. Results will also be available within one to two days.
Once you feel like you have one of those mentioned symptoms or want to feel safe, consult your doctor immediately. It would also help the doctors to diagnose your condition properly by having open communication with them.