Epstein-Barr Virus or EBV is a virus that causes the “kissing disease.” It is called the kissing disease because of its contagious method (it passes on from one person to another by kissing). It is known as “mono” too because of the disease’s proper name – mononucleosis.
Do not get me wrong. Carrying the Epstein-Barr Virus does not mean you can contract the kissing disease immediately. Some of us carries it in our lifetime but do not develop such kind of disease.
The Signs and Symptoms of the Epstein-Barr Virus
If ever you are a person who contracts the kissing diseases, you would not see or feel its symptoms in about five to six weeks. When you reach the five to six weeks threshold, you would likely have a mild symptom of flu. Children and teenagers are curiously the ones that are most susceptible to this disease. Listed below are the other symptoms that you might most likely have aside from the flu symptoms:
- Getting tired all the time;
- High body temperature;
- No appetite for food;
- Red rash on the skin;
- Infected throat;
- Your glands in the neck will most likely be swollen;
- Sore muscles.
The kissing disease is not something to worry about because it is not fatal. It has slow progress though in terms of its healing period. It takes nearly a month before your body heals from this type of disease. Then it will also take months before you finally feel invigorated again.
How Does the Epstein-Barr Virus Spreads
The Epstein-Barr Virus mostly lives in liquid matters. So you bet it lives in semen, blood, saliva and many more liquid matter of our body. It is popularly known to be spread by kissing though because most people do contract the virus because of kissing. The other less popular way of spreading is through sexual intercourse, drinking from the same glass of the person who has the virus, using the toothbrush of the person with the virus, organ transplant and so on and so forth.
The Epstein-Barr Virus stays in the host body for a long time. This does not mean though that you are sick and is showing symptoms in the whole duration that your body hosts such a virus. However, it could make you sick erratically during the whole duration of its stay.
Other Information that You Need to be Informed about the Epstein-Barr Virus
The Epstein-Barr Virus is under the genus of the herpes virus and is a virus that can be contracted by anyone in this world. It does not choose the type of climate your country is in, it is almost prevalent everywhere.
The mode of contracting the Epstein-Barr Virus is quite simple. It may be spread through body contact in any liquid part of an infected person. Meaning it can be spread by being in contact with blood, semen or saliva. Children and teenagers are the ones that are susceptible to this viral infection. The Epstein-Barr Virus has conditions before it can be contracted. It can only be recruited during its incubation period or while the infected persons have symptoms of the kissing disease. Rarely, it can be possibly contracted by any person from an infected person who does not show signs of the kissing disease. By the way, the incubation period of the Epstein-Barr Virus is about one to two months.
The symptoms of the Epstein-Barr Virus is characterized by flu-like symptoms, high body temperature, sore muscles, headaches, sore throat, swelling of the lymph nodes, spleen, liver and a red rash on the skin. To diagnose the existence of the Epstein-Barr Virus, the doctors will need a thorough physical exam as well as the timeline of all your cases of flu and sickness.
Treatment of the Epstein-Barr Virus Causing Disease
You could actually treat the Epstein-Barr Virus infection by home remedies. However, if the symptoms are quite elaborate and long, you can go out and seek the assistance of a doctor. Hospitals provide cortisone treatment primarily for Epstein-Barr Virus infection.
For home remedies, the treatment is mostly similar to treating flu. Examples of home remedies are rest, drinking lots of fluids, avoiding more trauma and injuries, and occasionally over the counter pain killers.
Take a rest always as the infection include fatigue and muscle soreness. Try to complete your night’s rest and take erratic naps in the morning. About the fluids that you can drink, try to concoct a hot ginger drink every evening and lots and lots of water. Make sure that the water that you are drinking is clean and purified.
The Epstein-Barr Virus infection is generally not a thing to be worried about. However, some complications and risks might get along with it. These complications can mean liver or spleen damage, cancer, irregular heartbeats and many more. The prognosis of the Epstein-Barr Virus infection is quite good, and some are guarded.
Prevention of the Epstein-Barr Virus
No vaccine is prepared to prevent the occurrence of Epstein-Barr Virus infection. The Epstein-Barr Virus is quite hard not to contract since it is almost everywhere around us. People who have no symptoms at all can have this virus. People who are infected and who are not are quite hard to sort, which makes it all the way harder not to contract the virus. There are ways to prevent contracting of the Epstein-Barr Virus. You can always practice hand sterilization by still washing your hands every day whenever you feel like it is dirty. Try to avoid being in contact with people in general in their bodily fluids like their blood, semen, or saliva.
The Incubation Period of the Kissing Disease
The incubation period of the Epstein-Barr Virus infection is quite long. The symptoms will not appear until the fourth or seventh week since you contracted the virus. What’s worse is, during the long incubation period, you will most likely be a walking contagious persona, and people who come in contact with anything liquid on you will get infected by the virus. Your toothbrushes, your glass and everything where you put your mouth in should be personalized, and those are the things that are not apt for sharing.